Ayurveda is the oldest system of healing. The word Ayurveda has been derived from two words ‘ayur’ means life and ‘veda’ means knowledge. Thus Ayurveda is the knowledge of science. It is believed that this science originated in India around 5000 years ago. It has been mentioned in one of our Vedas ‘Atharava Veda’. This Veda basically consists of spells against enemies, sorcerers and also diseases. Even many of the healing systems known in the modern world originated from Ayurveda.
Ayurveda and Surgery
According to the great surgeon Sushruta the ideal surgeon is one who has courage and presence of mind, a hand free from perspiration, tremor less grip of sharp and good instruments. All of us know that surgery plays a major role in general medical training. However, it must be kept in mind that surgery in the modern system of medicine started in the 16th century, and then also very minor operations was done. In old civilizations, surgery was very common and in the very old text it has been mentioned that it was done in Greece, Egypt, and Mesopotamia and so on. However, we must be proud of the fact that Sushruta is considered the father of surgery. The Sushruta Samhita is among the most important ancient medical texts along with the Charak Samhita. Most of his techniques are still followed by modern surgeons. You will be amazed and proud to know that about 2600 years ago plastic surgery was done by Sushruta. The techniques used by him is still used by modern plastic surgeons.
The Three Basic Doshas in Ayurveda
There are three basic principles in Ayurveda. They are also known as the three doshas. The name of these doshas are — Vata, Pita and Kapha. According to Hindu mythology our body is composed of five elements …. Aakash(space or ether), jala (water), agni (fire), prithvi (earth), and vayu (air). After death our body will be decomposed to these five elements.
Every person has a unique combination of all these three doshas, however some persons are Vata prominent, some are Pita prominent while the others are Kapha prominent, not only the basic nature or prakriti, but also the possible health problems are based on these doshas. Even the food products according to doshas have been mentioned in our old scriptures.
It consists of air and space. The Vata-prominent people are generally slim, energetic and also creative. Though creative they are, yet they can be easily distracted. Their mood is highly dependent on the weather, people around them and the foods they eat. They learn quickly and also forget quickly. They are highly creative however they generally remain anxious. They are multitasker however they get angry soon or lose their temper soon. They are kind-hearted, flexible. They are highly sensitive to cold and they have trouble in sleeping.
It consists of fire and water. This dosha is mainly responsible for the metabolic functions of the body. These functions include digestion, absorption, assimilation, and nutrition, and body temperature. Imbalance in pitta causes anger, hatred and jealousy. However balanced pitta promotes understanding and intelligence.
It consists of earth and water. Kapha is steady, stable, heavy, slow, cold and soft. People with Kapha dominance are strong, caring and have thick bones. They are generally very caring. They really become upset and also think a lit before taking any decision. They are prone to gain weight and lose weight quickly.
In fact, Ayurveda is a way of life. It is a science that is very much Indian, and very much sacred. However, in these modern times, we are forgetting our own way of life. Ayurveda is not just a medical system it is rather a way of life. Unlike the western system of medicine, its main thrust is on the prevention of diseases. It prevents and even treats diseases in a most holistic way without any side effects. Today, doctors need to do many tests to find out the cause of the disease. But there are many diagnoses in Ayurveda that can be done to find out the true cause of disease, without going for costly tests.